A Brief History of Chips/Keytags, Medallions, & Sobriety Birthdays – Principles or Personalities?
Your sobriety date is the date on which you had your last drink or used drugs or placed a bet, or acted out in a compulsive-obsessive manner OR the date you sobered up or cleaned up from your last debauch.
The custom followed by some AA groups of handing out small medallions called 'chips' (some use keytags) to mark various anniversaries of AA, CA, NA member's sobriety dates. Many members, especially newcomers, carry a chip with them as a constant reminder of their commitment to stay sober or clean or free.
Small medallions commemorating various lengths of sobriety; i.e., 1, 2, 3, 6 and 9 months; years and multiples of years. The first chip which is usually given out to a newcomer is called a 'desire' chip. A desire chip signifies the recipient's desire to stay sober for the next 24 hours.
The traditions of chips, medallions and birthdays vary from group to group and 12 Step Fellowship to Fellowship.
A Brief History of Celebrating Sobriety
There is evidence that early on many people in AA carried personal momentos to remind themselves of the importance of their sobriety. Clarence H. Snyder - "The Home Brewmeister" had his last drink on February 11, 1938 and he carried a medallion (pictured right) made from a silver dollar and a watch fob up until just before his death on March 22, 1984. It has been dated back into the mid-1940's, if not before, and the holes represent 46 years of sobriety. Clarence started AA group number 3 in Cleveland in 1939, and in the beginning had a higher recovery rate (75%-93%) than Bill and Dr. Bob combined. His story, "Home Brewmeister", can be found on page 297 of the Big Book, Third Editiion.
Sister lgnatia, the nun who helped Dr. Bob get the hospitalization program started at St. Thomas Hospital in Akron was the first person to use medallions in Alcoholics Anonymous. She gave the drunks who were leaving St. Thomas after a five day dry out a Sacred Heart Medallion and instructed them that the acceptance of the medallion signified a commitment to God, to A.A. and to recovery and that if they were going to drink, they had a responsibility to return the medallion to her before drinking. The sacred heart medallions had been used prior to A.A. by the Father Matthew Temperance Movement of the 1840's and the Pioneers, an Irish Temperance Movement of the 1890's.
The practice of giving sobriety chips in A.A. is attributed to a Group in Elmira, N.Y. in 1947. The celebration of birthdays came from the Oxford Group where they celebrated the anniversary of their spiritual rebirth. People in early A.A. chose the anniversary of the date of their last drink.
Early celebrations of birthdays resulted in people getting drunk
Dr. Harry Tiebout was asked to look at the problem of sobriety birthdays leading to another drinking bout and he commented on this phenomenon in an articled titled "When the Big "I" Becomes Nobody", (AAGV, Sept. 65):
"Early on in A.A., I was consulted about a serious problem plaguing the local group. The practice of celebrating a year's sobriety with a birthday cake had resulted in a certain number of the members getting drunk within a short period after the celebration. It seemed apparent that some could not stand prosperity. I was asked to settle between birthday cakes or no birthday cakes. Characteristically, I begged off, not from shyness but from ignorance. Some three or four years later, A.A. furnished me the answer. The group no longer had such a problem because, as one member said, "We celebrate still, but a year's sobriety is now a dime a dozen. No one gets much of a kick out of that anymore."
The A.A. Grapevine carried many articles on chips and cakes and the following is a brief summary of an early one that appeared in Feb. 1948.
Why All the Congratulations? "When we start taking bows (even on anniversaries) we bow ourselves right into the cuspidor."
Early drunks played a lot of poker in the sober clubs. Plain, colored "chips" are still given out today by many groups around the country to signify a "desire" to stop drinking. Other colored chips represent different lengths of sobriety.
No, I don't believe that the "chip system" will keep anyone sober. Only a Higher Power can do that. But we are a nation that lives by symbols; what is the American flag but a piece of bunting, unless fully appreciated on what it stands for? Frankly, I hate poker. Yet, I wouldn't trade a mile-high stack of green stuff for my precious blue pocket piece. - R.G.W., Charlotte, North Carolina
What are your thoughts on sobriety birthdays? Are they a good thing or do they provide a false sense of security - a psuedo-defense against the first drink? Do medallions and sobriety birthdays put personalities before principles?